The government just published the 10th edition of its RDAs – the list of 40 or so nutrients with the exact amount that meet the needs of 97.5% of us (RDA = EAR [Estimated Average Requirement] + 2 std. dev., assuming 10% coefficient of variation).
All we need to do to be healthy is supplement these nutrients to these levels and consume sufficient calories to maintain a healthy weight, and we will be healthy.
According to the government, cholesterol, choline, taurine – not needed at all, because the body can make them from other substances,.
But the government filtered the data set. They ignored the facts of physiology – namely, that the human body aggressively tries to absorb these three substances from its diet. The government paid no attention to what the body was doing; it was busy arrogantly telling us what the body needs.
Isolated, indigenous cultures have a huge advantage over us.
They have no government health agencies, no AMA, no ADA, no armies of trained doctors and dentists.
I am jealous of them – they just follow their instincts and get it right. We listen to arrogant idiots, the experts, and we get it wrong time and again.
Worse, in 1989, the government was telling us to limit egg consumption, eggs being the best single source of all body-building nutrients per calorie, and one of the best sources of both cholesterol and choline, which the body is trying to aggressively absorb from its diet.
Based on mass balance and the absence of definitive evidence for greater need, the government said that vitamin C is needed, but only roughly 100 mg, though the human body is trying to absorb grams of vitamin C per day, every day, and many more grams when it is sick, and many more grams than that when it is in critical condition, such as cancer cachexia. Is it not amazing that massive vitamin C doses (and injections) are not standard of care in cancer. When a cancer patient consumes vitamin C all day long, gram after gram, and fails to ingest a dose of vitamin C that gives him diarrhea, could the body be any more direct in communicating its needs?
The government made many errors, including the fact that mass balance is necessary, but not sufficient for optimal health. The government ignored the optimal level of nutrients question as unknowable.
A person of sense begins with the hypothesis that the optimal level of a nutrient is approximately what a healthy, well-nourished body is trying to absorb each and every day from its diet.
I could go on and on – citing the government’s red herrings and other logical errors, their erroneous assumptions, their naïve and underpowered models, and all of their ideas that are too narrowly conceived.
Will the US government officials ever get sense?
Now let’s “go back to the future” – time present. The government has changed its mind, but only on choline, which it has considered essential since 1998, but to this day, the government still does not know how it erred. It erred because government officials lack sense. We can teach any lame brain how to do science, but we cannot teach a lame brain sense.
The government erred by dictating the human body’s needs to the human body. A person of sense learns from the body by watching its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of substances.
The body tells us what is nutritive and what is toxic, and how much so. When the human body absorbs roughly 2% of the cadmium and fluoride it ingests, and lets 98% pass through its digestive tract, the human body is telling us one of three things. A priori we do not know which is right, but until proven otherwise a person of sense would assume #3 is right.
(1) either or both of these substances is/are insufficiently soluble and thus hard to absorb, and if they were ingested in a more soluble form, the body would indeed absorb more of them.
(2) a scary possibility: these two substances are micronutrients, and the diet contains nearly 50 times more than we need.
(3) what a person of sense would hypothesize: these two substances are toxins, and we need none or next to none of them, in spite of the fact that ingested fluoride can help with tooth decay. By itself, that does not make fluoride an essential nutrient, not when we can avoid tooth decay much better if we just eat what our bodies are trying to absorb and avoid eating man-made junk food.
How strangely inconsistent our government is. Cadmium is a recognized bone and kidney toxin, and the human body’s failure to absorb more than about 2% of the ingested dose of cadmium is consistent with that. But the body treats fluoride the same way as it treats cadmium, and the government ignores what the body does with it, and some officials even recommend adding fluoride to municipal water supplies. Obviously these people believe wholeheartedly that fluoride is a micronutrient and that the body would absorb a whole lot more of it if it could, if the salts were delivered in a highly soluble form. And it might at that, based on mimicry. After all, the body will absorb and distribute throughout the body prodigious quantities of cysteine-derivatized dimethyl mercury because it looks enough like methionine.
When the body tries to absorb grams of vitamin C, believe that that is what it needs. When a goat, roughly our size, makes 13 grams of vitamin C a day, and two to three times that when it is sick, believe that that is what it needs. As a rule, biological systems tend to make less than what they need and they look for the balance in their diets. Biological systems do not make 130 times what they need (13,000 mg vs 100). The government would guess that a goat needs 100 mg of vitamin C a day, if the goat has roughly the same turnover of vitamin C as we do, 2%-4% per day, and a bodily pool roughly equivalent to ours, a pool of between 1,500 milligrams and 3,000 milligrams.