If it is, then even science is riddled with errors. Philosophy, psychology, sociology, and economics are riddled with errors, and anyone with a half a brain can see that. But science may be also — that not many would suspect.
I hope Simpson’s paradox is not the rule in scientific correlation, but just a rare exception, as the world believes.
If science is almost PB (pure baloney), then we are left with math and logic, which I believe are true by definition only (tautologically true). And if…no that’s not thinkable, at least by me right now.
Is Simpson’s Paradox the rule?
Is it a rule or an exception that studies have hidden variables? Surely, it is the rule.
Is it the rule or the exception that hidden variables, if uncovered, would change
This is the key question – if Simpson’s paradox is the rule, then by definition the rule is that the hidden variables, if uncovered, would change the interpretation.