in which every other important factor is abstracted or filtered out.
Triggers and aggravators are hardly causes, but they are not non-factors.
Ameliorators are not anti-causes, but are hardly irrelevant.
Necessary conditions are always relevant as well.
Put it together and the one causal dimensional representation of the problem becomes a three dimensional realistic representation that does not violate Ockham’s razor – it has no more than sufficient complexity to describe the phenomenon within scientifically accurate bounds.
A six foot line is a perfectly adequate one dimensional representation of my physical being. It is certainly not wrong, but it is utterly inadequate to characterize even my physical being, let alone me.
Defining cancer as being caused by nuclear mutations is a perfectly adequate one dimensional characterization of the disease.
Defining type II diabetes by insulin resistance is a perfectly adequate one dimensional picture of the medical condition/disease.
Defining hypertension as caused by too much salt consumption is a perfectly adequate one dimensional representation of the medical condition/disease.
Defining human longevity in terms of total calories consumed is a perfectly adequate and perfectly quantitative one dimensional representation of a problem that has certain dimensions that are difficult even to quantify.