The smart person avoids all talk of causation as nonsense and does not have to be pricked by his intellectual conscience to backpedal to make sense out of the data.
Consider this obvious case of backpedaling:
“Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), or often also Hughes syndrome, is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by antiphospholipid antibodies.” (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiphospholipid_syndrome)
If anti-phospholipid antibodies cause Hughes syndrome, in other words, if these antibodies are completely responsible for the etiology of this disease and account for all of its symptoms, then why does the author go on to write:
“The presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in the absence of blood clots or pregnancy-related complications does not indicate APS (see below for the diagnosis of APS).”
Causation leads to backpedaling and logorrhea. Best avoid it!