Substitute the word “aggravates” (for things that have happened) or the phrase “increases the probability of” (for things that have not yet happened) for “causes” and you are both more accurate and more precise than the doctors, and you are better prepared to deal with the consequences of the corrected assertion than the doctors are about their incorrect, inaccurate, and imprecise assertion.
Dogmatism is avoided, and both proper scientific skepticism and openness to new possibilities are maintained simply by using the appropriate term/s.
While “causes,” because there is no evidence for their existence, have no real opposites, “aggravators” are real, and have a natural opposite in “ameliorators,” and “increases the probability of” has a natural opposite in “decreases the probability of”.
Some medical advice from a non-physician: Forget causes – they do not exist. Avoid things that increase the probability of illness and disease. Avoid triggers of illnesses and diseases, avoid aggravators of illnesses and diseases, and seek ameliorators, the more natural the better, of illnesses and diseases, all while enjoying life to the fullest – without that, who cares about avoiding illnesses.